Manuel Ruiz Guerrero
Manuel Ruiz Guerrero (Granada, 1864 – Madrid 1917) studied art at the School of Fine Art in Granada, where he was a disciple of Eduardo García Guerra. He went to Madrid to complete his training, thanks to a modest bursary granted to him in July 1881 by the Provincial Council and attended classes ...read more
Manuel Ruiz Guerrero (Granada, 1864 – Madrid 1917) studied art at the School of Fine Art in Granada, where he was a disciple of Eduardo García Guerra. He went to Madrid to complete his training, thanks to a modest bursary granted to him in July 1881 by the Provincial Council and attended classes at the Special School of Painting. The first work he sent consisted of paintings based on historical themes, the predominant genre in official competitions at the time. He made copies of El Testamento de Isabel la Católica (Queen Isabel la Católica Dictating her Will) by Rosales and La prisión del Príncipe de Viana (Charles of Viana's Prison) by Emilio Sala, which were shown in Granada in 1882 and 1883 respectively and were a clear demonstration of the progress he was making.
The third piece he sent and his first original work was Idilio (Idyll), which depicted the figure of a young musician in a peaceful country setting. He took advantage of his presence in the capital to present Una procesión en Granada (A Procession in Granada) at the National Exhibition of 1884, a painting which earned a certain amount of praise.
He responded to the appeal by the journal La Alhambra to create a society of watercolour painters which would have a permanent exhibition and would be responsible for collecting donations for the victims of the earthquakes in December 1884, an initiative which led to the formation of the Centro Artístico.
The Provincial Council then gave him a scholarship to study in Rome and he submitted a large-format painting entitled Resurrexit, non est hic to the 1887 National Exhibition. It was awarded a certificate of honour, which he sent to the Council. During his stay in Rome he also painted Una ciocciara romana con su hijo (Woman from Ciociaria with her Son). On his return from Rome he stayed in Madrid and took part in the exhibition held by the Society of Watercolourists in May 1889. He applied for an official bursary in Rome but was unsuccessful. However, he continued to make a name for himself because of the quality of his painting, which depicted contemporary social themes, moving away from the conventional subjects on which he had focused in his early work. In 1892 he exhibited La sopa (Soup) at the International Exhibition and was awarded his second medal.
In 1896 he spent some time in Granada and other towns in the province, which enabled him to present some oil paintings and watercolours at the Corpus Christi Exhibition organised by the Centro Artístico. He was a member of the jury at the 1899 National Exhibition and published some drawings in the special edition of La Vida Literaria dedicated to Granada in the same year.
In winter 1900 he visited Vizcaya and when summer came he moved to Málaga, where he worked on various commissions for Madrid, Bilbao and Paris.
He contributed charcoal drawings to the journal Blanco y Negro, taught at the School of Fine Art in Málaga for several years and died in Madrid in 1917.
MARIA DOLORES SANTOS MORENO: Pintura del siglo XIX en Granada: Arte y Sociedad, University of Granada, 1997, pp. 1088-1093 (Unpublished doctoral thesis)Read less